Pets are kept in households around the world, and they are kept for companionship, beauty, and sometimes for work, too. In the United States in particular, dogs and cats prove the most popular pets, and they come in a wide variety of breeds. Other common pets may include birds big and small, rats and mice and hamsters, fish, and even reptiles and tarantulas. Many different species are legally available for pets, but what these mammals, birds, and reptiles have in common is a need for their owners to take good care of them. Some pets are fairly self sufficient, and others need frequent care, attention, or feeding. And when a pet is ill or hurt, it is vital to take that pet to an emergency veterinarian in serious cases, or a regular animal clinic for ordinary health needs. Veterinary options vary widely, but in any case, a pet owner should know exactly what to do, and when. This even includes warm weather pet safety and cold weather safety, too.
Care at the Home
Good pet care begins with knowing how to treat one’s pet at home safely and properly. Most dogs and some cats will be taken outside for fun and exercise (and relieve themselves), and this means being aware of the weather. Warm weather pet safety is important for any dog or cat, since these mammals may suffer from dehydration, heat exhaustion, or even heat stroke, just like a person might. Thus, warm weather pet safety is vital in summer or in hot states such as Texas or California. Pet owners can practice warm weather pet safety by watching over their dog or cat during its time outside, and limit that pet’s exposure to the hot sun. The pet can soon be brought back indoors, and warm weather pet safety may also mean providing fresh water. Outside, a doghouse or similar shelter is important for providing shade.
Cold weather care means, once again, limiting the pet’s time spent outside, and watching over them in case something goes wrong. Large and small pets alike may have a sweater or jacket fitted on, and many pet supply shop may offer them. Just like human clothes, these accessories help keep a pet warm in cold air. And if a pet’s fur gets wet from snow, the owner should towel it off so the pet doesn’t get too cold. After all, cold water will chill a mammal’s body much faster than cold air will. The pet owner may also watch out for a significant wind chill.
Going to the Vet Office
Major injuries or difficulty breathing call for taking a pet to an animal hospital, which can save a life. Most often, though, pet owners are taking their dogs, cats, and more to a local vet clinic for routine care and exams. Why visit the clinic? Puppies and kittens may need a lot of checkups as they are growing up, especially those that were adopted from the street or otherwise not cared for earlier. At the vet’s office, a dog, cat, or other pet may undergo a routine exam. Mammals may have their fur and skin checked for issues, and their eyes, nose, gums and teeth, ears, and more may be looked over for skin-based pests, inflammation, or more. Birds may have their feathers checked, and reptiles may be looked over for issues with their scales.
A vet may offer medicine and advice on how to prevent, or deal with, parasites and pests. A dog or cat, especially outdoor ones, must be guarded from ticks, fleas, and worms to maintain good health. This means using flea shampoo to kill and drive off fleas, and a pet may get liquid medicine and pills alike to kill or drive away fleas, ticks, and worms, such as heartworms. Dogs or cats may also get spayed or neutered, if desired.
Most pets will be brought into a vet’s office in a kennel or cage, from rodents to cats to birds for safety’s sake. Larger dogs that get along with other people and pets may be brought on a leash. If a pet is aggressive or easily frightened, the owner may keep it in the car (responsibly) until it is that pet’s turn to be looked over.