The bond between humans and horses is an ancient one. Different cultures throughout history have immortalized it in art, poetry and music. On farms, pulling wagons and chariots, and delighting us with their speed and grace, horses have a special place in their owners? hearts. As fine tuned creatures, they are susceptible to a number of ills and diseases. New medical advances and the availability of veterinary clinical diagnostics make it easier to identify and treat diseases like the dreaded equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV).
Veterinary laboratory supplies for stables and horse barns
In equine medicine as well, prevention is the best cure. Especially for barns, stables and farms with a number of horses, preventing diseases can be a matter of testing for viruses before they can even begin to manifest as a problem. Especially for the highly infectious and untreatable EIAV, early identification can help prevent any further spread of the virus.
The availability of veterinary clinical diagnostics makes it easier to ensure that any infectious viruses in a stable or barn don?t get passed on. For viruses like EIAV, for which there is no cure, the affected horses can be quarantined before the infection spreads. Veterinary diagnostics can save lives by preventing the spread of infection.
EIAV and its transmission
EIAV is also known as swamp fever and is transmitted through blood, milk, and body secretions. Bloodsucking insects like the horse fly and deer fly can transmit the virus from one affected animal to others. Contaminated surgical equipment like needles and syringes, and metal bits can also transmit the virus. There is a vaccine to prevent the retrovirus.
However, the equine infectious anemia virus antibody test should be administered in case any horse in a stable does contract an infection. The veterinary laboratory testing is necessary because most carriers don?t show any outward signs and live as passive carriers. They have a lower risk of transmission than horses that show active clinical signs of the EIAV virus, and only a one in six chance that a horsefly will transmit the virus.
Treatment and quarantine
EIAV is highly infectious and just a fifth of a teaspoon of blood from an animal that is showing clinical signs of the infect as many as 10,000 horses. Unfortunately, there is no cure and a horse that shows symptoms of the disease will succumb within two to eight weeks.
The only way to prevent the spread of the disease is to quarantine the affected individuals. Veterinary diagnostics companies can test for EIAV, helping owners to keep unaffected animals safe.
Veterinary clinical diagnostics can play an important part in preventing the spread of the EIAV virus. Infected individuals may not show any signs of disease, but if they test positive they can be quarantined to avoid transmitting the virus.